Fact Sheets: New Hampshire's Changing Climate, Land Cover, and Ecosystems

Merrimack River aerial photo

Fact Sheets: New Hampshire's Changing Climate, Land Cover, and Ecosystems

climate change is affecting Nh's ecosystem services

New Hampshire's ecosystems provide a host of services: Clean water, food, wood for fiber, fuel, or timber; protection from flooding, regional and global climate regulation, recreational opportunities, and cycling of key nutrients such as nitrogen. NH EPSCoR researchers have shown that these ecosystem services are being affected by changes in climate and land use in freshwater ecosystems across the state.

a resource for land use decision-makers

While most of the Ecosystems & Society research results are published in scientific journals, and data is available through the Data Discovery Center, the researchers also developed a series of 14 fact sheets that translate key findings as a resource for state agencies, municipal officials, regional planning commissions, conservation organizations, and others who have a role in making decisions about land use. The information tells a story about the critical services provided by New Hampshire's environment and how those could change in the future in response to changes in land cover and climate.

Download the fact sheets
ask questions or provide feedback

The research team welcomes feedback on how the data and results can be used by land-use practitioners and resource managers. For more information or to request a presentation on the data, email Cameron Wake or Alison Watts.

Download individual fact sheets:

Project Overview

Fact Sheet 1: The Ecosystems & Society Project
Provides a broad overview of the big ideas behind the project and describes how data was collected.

Fact Sheet 2: Ecosystem Measurements and Monitoring
Describes the ecosystem measurements and model outputs central to the Ecosystems & Society Project.

Climate and Land Cover

Fact Sheet 3: Climate Change
Reviews meteorological data showing how New Hampshire’s climate has changed and what we can expect to see by the end of this century.

Fact Sheet 4: Land Cover Scenarios
A series of maps provides a framework for projecting long-term changes in land cover and investigating potential impacts on ecosystems and the services they provide.

Aquatic Ecosystems

Fact Sheet 5: Fish Habitat
Reviews how projected changes in climate and land cover will lead to reduced fish habitat due to increasing stream temperatures, higher chloride concentrations, and low flows during summer months.

Fact Sheet 6: Surface Water Runoff
Describes how changes in climate will change the magnitude, timing, and storage of water flow and present potential challenges for water management in New Hampshire.

Fact Sheet 7: Nitrogen to our Estuaries
Reviews simulation results for fluxes of dissolved inorganic nitrogen reaching NH estuaries and retention capacities of NH watersheds.

Terrestrial Ecosystems

Fact Sheet 8: Carbon Storage and Winter Albedo
Describes how New Hampshire landscapes can substantially influence climate by storing carbon in forests and reflecting energy from the sun.

Fact Sheet 9: Vernal Windows
Shows how climate change is affecting the vernal window, the period that marks the end of winter and the beginning of the growing season, and what it means for New Hampshire ecosystems and economies.

Fact Sheet 10: Carbon and Water Fluxes
Summarizes how greenhouse gas and energy fluxes vary over different land cover types which helps to assess the impacts of interactions between climate and land use under future change scenarios.

Human Dimensions

Fact Sheet 11: Drivers of Land-Use Decisions
Provides insights into how decision-makers could adjust and react to future changes in population, demographics, and economics in the context of a changing ecosystem.

Fact Sheet 12: Water and People
Explains what New Hampshire residents see as the cultural benefits (recreational, aesthetic, etc.) of the state’s water bodies and the water resource issues they are concerned about.

Fact Sheet 13: The Future Value of Ecosystems
New Hampshire residents act on behalf of future generations to decide the relative importance of specific ecosystem services within the land, water, and climate domains.

Fact Sheet 14: The Value of Natural Amenities to Home Prices
Estimates the implicit value of proximity to natural amenities (such as trails, conservation areas, parks, water, etc.) on housing prices in twelve communities across southern New Hampshire.

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